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          《克莱因英语综合词源词典》




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          英语 词典

          更新时间:2012年3月05日

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          学习资料下载:
          中文名克莱因英语综合词源词典
          原名Klein's Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language
          作者Ernest Klein
          图书分类外语
          资源格式PDF
          版本扫描版
          出版社Elsevier Publishing Compan
          书号9780444409300
          发行时间1971年
          地区以色列
          语言英文
          简介

          IPB Image

          内容介绍:

          Review
          Aside from its outstanding value and importance to students of linguistics, Dr. Klein's work is a source of fascinating reading and browsing to anyone with an interest in language.
          The American Translators Association Chronicle

            Although during the last sixty years philology has attained a high degree of development, looking at the literature available, Etymology appears only to have reached the level of philology at the turn of the century. This dictionary is the first major work of its kind in the 20th century, and as such, embodies the findings of modern philological scholarship. For example, full reference is made to Tocharian, the extinct language rediscovered at the end of the Nineteenth Century which often provides the key to the important transition form between the Old-Indian and the Indo-European group of languages to which English belongs. Several hundred words previously defined as being "of unknown etymology" are fully analyzed.The etymology of words of Semitic origin in the English language is given, the transliteration of Semitic words is based on a concept which renders exactly every consonant, vowel and diacritical sign. Hybrids are not only referred to, but in many cases a new, correctly formed word is suggested. Special attention is paid to loan translations (important elements in the cultural interrelationship between the nations) especially in regard to their passage from one language to another. The dictionary also provides the etymologies of proper and mythological names. Exhaustive cross-referencing, allows the reader to trace all words derived from one and the same base.

          引用(依然下午 @ 2012-03-05, 08:06 AM) *
          (新浪博客 Andrew)
          Klein’s comprehensive etymological dictionary of the English language

          该词典涵盖词汇量非常大,基本上我们能遇到的单词这里都有所讲解,但是相对来讲其专业性较强。涵盖语种比较多,而且希腊单词保留原来的希腊字母,没有改写成拉丁字母,不熟悉希腊字母的同学可能辨认起来很费力,举例如下:

          See : tr. And intr. V., to perceive with the eyes. – ME.seen, sen, fr, OE. seon,rel. to OS., OHG. sehan, MHG., G. sehen, OFris. sia, MDu. Sien, Du. zien, ON. sja,Norw. sjaa, Dan., Swed. se, Goth. saihan, and prob. Cogn. With Hitt. Sakwa-,’eye’; fr. Teut. Base *sehw-, corresponding to I.-E. base *seqw-, ‘to see’, which is etymologically identical with *seq w- in the sense ‘to point out, to say’. See say, v., and cp. Seem, sight.



          这本字典相对于kelin’s字典来讲,就简单易读,有其特有的专有词缩写,但是基本的思路比较清晰,学习起来比较方便,词之间的来龙去脉基本用句子连接贯穿起来了,但是对于初学者来讲也许不能清楚的理解其意义的发展与扩展。该词典的涵盖词汇量也很大。

          举例如下:
          See : O.E. seon (contracted class V strong verb; past tense seah, pp. sewen), from P.Gmc. *sekhwanan (cf. O.S., O.H.G. sehan, M.H.G., Ger. sehen, O.Fris. sia, M.Du. sien, O.N. sja, Goth. saihwan), from PIE base *sekw- "to see," which is "probably" the same base that produced words for "say" in Greek and Latin, and also words for "follow" (cf. L. sequor), but "opinions differ in regard to the semantic starting-point and sequences" [Buck]. Thus see could originally mean "follow with the eyes." Used in M.E. to mean "behold in the imagination or in a dream" (c.1200), "to recognize the force of (a demonstration)," also c.1200, "often with ref. to metaphorical light or eyes" [OED], and "to learn by reading" (early 15c.). Past tense saw developed from O.E. pl. sawon.

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